Leone Centre Glossary

Genograms in Family Therapy


Genograms are a valuable tool used in family therapy to visually map out and analyse a family’s structure, relationships, and patterns across generations. By creating a detailed family tree, therapists can identify recurring issues, understand familial roles, and gain insights into the dynamics that influence individual behaviour and family interactions.

Understanding Genograms

Genograms extend beyond a traditional family tree by incorporating detailed information about the nature of relationships, significant life events, and individual characteristics. This helps in uncovering patterns such as hereditary traits, behavioural tendencies, and relational dynamics.

Components of a Genogram

A genogram includes various symbols to represent family members and their connections. Some key components are:

  1. Individuals: Represented by squares (males) and circles (females), with names and dates of birth.
  2. Relationships: Lines depict connections, such as marriage, separation, or conflict, with specific symbols indicating the nature of these relationships.
  3. Additional Information: Important details like health issues, education, occupation, and significant life events are noted.

Uses in Family Therapy

Genograms are used to:

  1. Identify and understand family patterns and recurring issues.
  2. Recognise the impact of historical events on current family dynamics.
  3. Facilitate discussions around sensitive topics and unresolved conflicts.
  4. Help individuals gain a deeper understanding of their family history and its influence on their behaviour and relationships.

Creating a Genogram

Creating a genogram involves gathering comprehensive information from family members through interviews and historical records. This collaborative process encourages open communication and shared understanding among family members.

Benefits of Genograms

Using genograms in family therapy offers numerous benefits:

  1. Provides a clear visual representation of family structures and relationships.
  2. Helps in identifying patterns that may contribute to current family issues.
  3. Encourages self-reflection and awareness among family members.
  4. Facilitates a deeper understanding of intergenerational influences on behaviour and relationships.


What is a genogram?
A genogram is a visual representation of a family tree that includes detailed information about relationships, individual characteristics, and significant life events across generations.
How is a genogram different from a family tree?
While a family tree focuses on lineage and ancestry, a genogram includes detailed information about relationships, patterns, and dynamics within the family, providing a more comprehensive understanding of family history.
Why are genograms important in family therapy?
Genograms help therapists and clients identify and understand recurring patterns and issues within the family, facilitating discussions around sensitive topics and promoting self-awareness and healing.


  1. NCBI – Genograms: Assessment and Intervention
  2. Family Therapy Basics – Understanding Genograms
  3. Therapist Aid – Genogram Template
Book Now

Get Started Today
with Leone Centre

Book Now


Call Us

Call us
020 3930 1007

View therapists

View our therapists
Find your match

This glossary provides definitions of various counselling terms and approaches for informational purposes only, without implying endorsement or service provision