Leone Centre Glossary

Dyslexia in Neurodiversity-affirmative Therapy


Dyslexia is a learning difference that affects reading, spelling, and writing abilities. In a neurodiversity-affirmative approach, therapy recognises and respects the diverse ways individuals process information.

Learning Differences

Dyslexia is characterised by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling abilities. Many individuals with dyslexia face challenges in traditional educational settings, leading to frustration and decreased self-esteem.

Inclusive Support

Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy focuses on creating a supportive environment that honours individual differences rather than trying to ‘correct’ them. Key features include personalised processed and tools that align with the individual’s unique strengths.

Holistic Growth

This approach emphasises the holistic development of the person, enhancing self-understanding and self-advocacy.

Empowering Individuals

Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy helps individuals understand their learning style and develop ways to leverage their strengths.

Personalised Approaches

This approach utilises practices adapted to the individual’s specific needs, creating a supportive and understanding therapy environment.


What is neurodiversity-affirmative therapy?
Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy recognises and values neurological differences, providing support that respects and honours these differences.
How can therapy help with dyslexia?
Therapy can provide personalised tools to manage challenges associated with dyslexia, enhancing overall well-being and self-esteem.
What are the benefits of a neurodiversity-affirmative approach?
This approach encourages a affirmative self-image, respects individual differences, and promotes the use of strengths to work through challenges.


  1. British Dyslexia Association
  2. Leone Centre
  3. Neurodiversity Hub
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This glossary provides definitions of various counselling terms and approaches for informational purposes only, without implying endorsement or service provision