Leone Centre Glossary

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) approach. It combines traditional CBT methods with mindfulness approaches, creating higher levels of awareness and acceptance of one’s thoughts and feelings.

Why MBCT Matters

MBCT addresses several common mental health challenges:

  1. Recurrence of depression
  2. Anxiety management
  3. Stress reduction
  4. Emotional regulation

Exploring MBCT

MBCT combines mindfulness practices with cognitive therapy principles. This helps individuals:

  1. Increase awareness of negative thought patterns
  2. Break the cycle of automatic reactions
  3. Reduce judgement towards their experiences
  4. Become more deeply aware of the present moment

Convenience and Flexibility

MBCT offers flexibility to fit different lifestyles, and can be practised in various settings, including individual therapy sessions, group workshops, and self-guided formats.

About MBCT

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a structured programme combining mindfulness practices with cognitive therapy. Developed to help prevent the recurrence of depression, MBCT has expanded to address various psychological issues.

How MBCT Helps

MBCT aids in:

  1. Recognising and disengaging from negative thought patterns
  2. Reducing the risk of depressive relapse
  3. Enhancing overall mental well-being through mindfulness

How MBCT Works

MBCT uses mindfulness exercises, such as meditation and breathing, alongside cognitive practices to change one’s relationship with their thoughts and emotions. This encourages a more balanced and reflective mindset.


What is the primary goal of MBCT?
The primary goal of MBCT is to prevent depression from reoccuring by combining mindfulness practices with cognitive behavioural approaches.
Who can benefit from MBCT?
MBCT can benefit individuals experiencing recurrent depression, anxiety, stress, and those seeking to improve their emotional regulation and mindfulness skills.
How is MBCT different from traditional CBT?
MBCT differs from traditional CBT by incorporating mindfulness practices, which focus on present-moment awareness and acceptance, alongside cognitive approaches aimed at changing negative thought patterns.


  1. Segal, Z. V., Williams, J. M. G., & Teasdale, J. D. (2018). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression. Guilford Press.
  2. Kabat-Zinn, J. (2013). Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness. Bantam.
  3. American Psychological Association. (2023). Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy.
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This glossary provides definitions of various counselling terms and approaches for informational purposes only, without implying endorsement or service provision