Leone Centre Glossary

Neurodiversity in Neurodiversity-affirmative Therapy


Neurodiversity refers to the range of different brains and minds, recognising that neurological differences are a valuable aspect of natural variation. These differences can include autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and other neurological conditions. In therapy, embracing neurodiversity means acknowledging and valuing these differences rather than viewing them as deficits or disorders.

Recognising diversity

Traditional therapy often pathologises neurological differences, which can lead to feelings of inadequacy and misunderstanding among neurodiverse individuals. Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy challenges these misconceptions by creating a more inclusive and accepting therapeutic environment. This approach addresses the unique experiences and challenges of neurodiverse individuals, promoting self-acceptance and resilience.

Inclusive approach

Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy prioritises an inclusive approach that respects and celebrates neurological differences. It aims to create a safe and supportive space where neurodiverse individuals feel understood and valued. This approach helps to reduce stigma and encourages a sense of belonging.

About neurodiversity

Neurodiversity is a concept that recognises and respects the natural variations in human cognition and behaviour. It challenges the traditional view of neurological conditions as inherently pathological and instead promotes understanding and acceptance of these differences as part of human diversity.

Therapeutic benefits

By focusing on strengths and capabilities rather than deficits, neurodiversity-affirmative therapy can enhance well-being and self-esteem. It empowers individuals to embrace their unique ways of thinking and interacting with the world, leading to more impactful therapeutic outcomes.

Therapy benefits

Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy provides a therapeutic environment that validates and supports the experiences of neurodiverse individuals. By focusing on their strengths and unique perspectives, this approach can help individuals develop a more affirming self-image and improve their overall quality of life.

How it works

Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy involves adapting therapeutic practices to meet the needs of neurodiverse individuals. This may include using clear and direct communication, incorporating sensory-friendly elements, and allowing for alternative forms of expression. The goal is to create a therapeutic space that is responsive and accommodating to the individual’s needs.

Convenience and flexibility

Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy can be adapted to meet the specific needs of each individual, ensuring that therapy is accessible and beneficial. This flexible approach allows for the use of various therapeutic practices and accommodations that align with the individual’s preferences and needs.


What is neurodiversity?
Neurodiversity refers to the concept that neurological differences are a natural and valuable aspect of human diversity. It includes conditions such as autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and more.
How does neurodiversity-affirmative therapy differ from traditional therapy?
Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy focuses on recognising and valuing neurological differences rather than pathologising them. It aims to create an inclusive and supportive therapeutic environment adapted to the needs of neurodiverse individuals.
What are the benefits of neurodiversity-affirmative therapy?
This approach can enhance self-esteem, promote self-acceptance, and improve overall well-being by focusing on the strengths and capabilities of neurodiverse individuals.


For more information, please refer to the following sources:

  1. Neurodiversity.com
  2. Psychology Today – Neurodiversity
  3. Leone Centre
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This glossary provides definitions of various counselling terms and approaches for informational purposes only, without implying endorsement or service provision