Leone Centre Glossary

Peer Support Groups in Neurodiversity-affirmative Therapy

Peer Support Groups

Peer support groups in neurodiversity-affirmative therapy provide a welcoming space where neurodiverse individuals can connect, share experiences, and support one another. These groups are grounded in the principles of neurodiversity, celebrating and valuing neurological differences rather than viewing them as deficits.

Common challenges

Neurodiverse individuals often face challenges such as social isolation, misunderstanding from others, and a lack of supportive environments. Peer support groups address these issues by promoting a sense of community and mutual understanding.

What are peer support groups?

Peer support groups are designed to offer a platform where members can discuss their experiences, share skills, tools, and provide emotional support to each other. These groups function as part of neurodiversity-affirmative therapy, which prioritises accepting and working with neurodiverse traits.

Key features of these groups include:

  1. Shared Experiences: Members find solace in knowing they are not alone in their experiences.
  2. Mutual Understanding: Being among peers who understand their perspectives helps members feel accepted and valued.
  3. Collective Growth: Through shared knowledge and experiences, members can learn and grow together.

The flexibility of these groups allows them to meet in various formats, whether in-person, online, or through hybrid models, catering to different needs and preferences.

Combining neurodiversity-affirmative therapy and peer support groups

Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy recognises and respects the diverse ways brains can function. It moves away from the pathologising model and instead focuses on affirming and supporting neurodiverse traits. Peer support groups within this framework are important in providing a non-judgemental space for individuals to be themselves.

How therapy can help

These groups offer therapeutic benefits, including reducing feelings of loneliness, improving self-esteem, and enhancing social skills. Participants often find that sharing their stories and hearing others’ can lead to greater self-acceptance and resilience.

How therapy works

Peer support groups typically involve regular meetings facilitated by an experienced therapist who ensures the environment remains supportive and inclusive. Activities may include group discussions, sharing personal stories, and collaborative problem-solving. The structure of each group may vary, but the core focus remains on mutual support and understanding.


What is neurodiversity-affirmative therapy?
Neurodiversity-affirmative therapy is an approach that values and supports neurological differences, viewing them as natural variations of the human brain rather than as disorders.
Who can join peer support groups?
These groups are open to neurodiverse individuals seeking community and support. Some groups may focus on specific neurodiverse conditions, while others may be more general.
How often do these groups meet?
The frequency of meetings can vary, with some groups meeting weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly, depending on the needs and preferences of the members.


  1. Neurodiversity Affirmative Therapy
  2. Leone Centre
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This glossary provides definitions of various counselling terms and approaches for informational purposes only, without implying endorsement or service provision